From the 1 April 2018, Land Transaction Tax (LTT) will be payable on any land transactions in Wales, and will replace Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT).
The Welsh Government states that changes have been made to:
- simplify the tax and make it fairer
- improve its efficiency and effectiveness
- focus on Welsh needs and priorities.
The legislation is broadly consistent with SDLT, preserving the underlying structure and mirroring key elements of SDLT such as partnerships, trusts and reliefs, so as to provide stability and reassurance to businesses and the property market. However, different amounts of tax will be payable on property transactions from the 1 April depending on whether the property is situated in England or Wales. Transactions involving properties that straddle the border between England and Wales will need to submit both an SDLT and a LTT return form, with consideration apportioned on a “just and reasonable basis”.
Generally, for both residential and non-residential property, buyers will pay less tax in Wales on cheaper properties, and more tax on expensive properties. The higher rates on purchases of additional residential properties (including second homes), which came into effect on the 1 April 2016, will continue to apply.
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